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Article II. Membership

1. Membership Categories. The Membership of the Trust shall be composed of two categories which shall be called "Resident Members" and "Associate Members" and which shall together be called "General Members."

2. Resident Members. Resident Members shall be all persons who lease land, housing, or other assets from the Trust, who lease or own housing that is located on land leased by another entity from the Trust, or who have lived for six (6) months or more on any land or in any building held by the Trust; and have complied with all the following requirements:

(a) Qualification as an Initial General Member, as defined in the Articles of Incorporation or participation in a one-on-one or group "orientation" meeting with a representative of the Trust selected by the Board of Directors; and

(b) Completion of a General Membership agreement form including a signed statement of support for the purposes of the Trust in a format to be determined by the Board of Directors; and

(c) Commitment of time, money and/or work as established by the General Membership for the current calendar year.

3. Associate Members. Associate Members shall be all other persons who have complied with all of the following requirements:

(a) Qualification as an Initial General Member, as defined in the Articles of Incorporation or by participation in a one-on-one or group "orientation" meeting with a representative of the Trust selected by the Board of Directors; and

(b) Completion of a General Membership agreement form including a signed statement of support for the purposes of the Trust in a format to be determined by the Board of Directors; and

(c) Commitment of time, money and/or work as established by the General Membership for the current calendar year.

3.1. Should they become eligible for Resident Membership by fulfilling the criteria set forth in Section 2 of this Article, Associate Members shall automatically become Resident Members.

4. Requirements, Rights and Responsibilities of General Members.

4.1. Requirements for Continuing General Membership. To maintain General Membership beyond a person's first year of General Membership a person must either be a Resident Member or:

(a) Have attended at least one Meeting of the Membership during the previous twenty-four months, or have shown continuing interest in the Trust and good cause for non-attendance and,

(b) Have followed through with a commitment of time, money and/or work as established for the current calendar year.

4.2. Rights of General Members. General Members shall have the following rights:

4.2.1. Every General Member shall have the right to participate in meetings of the General Membership, to actively participate in consensus decision-making processes and in instances of voting to cast one vote in all matters properly put before the Members for consideration, to nominate and participate in the election of the Board of Directors as provided by these Bylaws, to serve on the Board of Directors or committees if chosen, to review the financial statements and records of the Trust which shall be made available on an annual basis or upon request within a reasonable time frame, to approve the annual Budget of the Trust through a process of participatory budgeting as specified by Trust policy, and to receive notices and the minutes of Membership Meetings and Annual Reports of the Trust.

4.2.2. The consent of the General Membership, in accordance with these Bylaws, shall be required before action may be taken on the assessment of membership dues, the sale and acquisition of land, the establishment or alteration of the "resale formula," the amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, and the dissolution of Trust.

4.2.3. Any General Member or group of General Members may bring proposals for actions, endorsements or policy changes before the Board of Directors or the General Membership.

4.2.3.1. All such proposals must be made in writing and submitted to the Board of Directors no less than one (1) month prior to a meeting of the Board of Directors.

4.2.3.2. The Board of Directors is obligated to consider such submissions, to give reasonable notice to the submitters of all meetings in which the proposal will be discussed or decided upon.

4.2.3.3. If a submitted proposal is made in regard to any of the topics listed in Section 3.2 of this Article which require consent of the General Membership, it must be submitted to the Board of Directors no later than two (2) months prior to the next Annual Meeting of the General Membership. The Board of Directors shall bring this proposal to the General Membership at the next Annual Meeting. All such proposals shall be included with the notice and agenda for that meeting, sent to all General Members.

4.3. Responsibilities of General Members. General Members shall have the following responsibilities:

4.3.1. All Members shall sustain the Trust by abiding by the conditions of the Bylaws, the Articles of Incorporation, and policies adopted by the Board of Directors.

4.3.2. Members of the Trust are responsible for doing all in their power to insure that the conditions of any and all Trust agreements executed between the Trust and any of its holdings are carried out.

5. Supporting Membership.

5.1. Any person who has a made a commitment of time, money and/or work to the Trust but who does not wish to become a General Member or has not met all of the requirements of General Membership shall be designated a Supporting Member of the Trust.

5.2. Supporting Members shall have all of the rights of General Members except the right to nominate and participate in the election of the Board of Directors and the right to vote on matters put before the General Membership.

6. Confirmation of Membership.

6.1. At the Board of Directors meeting prior to the Annual Membership Meeting, the Secretary shall present to the Board a complete list of all General Members, including their contact information, for review and approval. At the Annual Membership Meeting, the Board of Directors shall present this verified complete list of all Members.

7. Membership Meetings.

7.1. Notice of Meetings. Notice of every Membership Meeting shall be given to all General and Supporting Members and shall include an agenda for the meeting. Except as otherwise provided in Article VIII of these Bylaws, notice shall be mailed at least one (1) month prior to a meeting.

7.2. Annual Meetings. A Meeting of the Membership, for reports to the Membership by the Board of Directors and Officers, the election of Directors, the determination of required membership commitments of time, money and/or work for the upcoming year, and the transaction of other business, shall be held annually. The location and specific time of the Annual Meeting shall be determined by the Board of Directors. Notice of the Annual Meeting shall include a list of those persons nominated for the Board of Directors.

7.3. Regular Meetings. Regular Meetings may be scheduled by the Board of Directors at such times and places as they shall establish .

7.4. Special Meetings. Special Membership Meetings may be called by the Board of Directors or by a written petition, addressed to the Convener of the Trust, signed by at least one tenth (10%) of the General Membership. At a Special Meeting, only those matters stated on the agenda, as included in the notice of the meeting, may be acted upon by the Membership.

7.5. Open meetings. All Membership Meetings shall be open to any person.

7.6. Minutes. Minutes of all Membership Meetings shall be recorded by the Secretary of the Trust or by another person designated by the Board of Directors. Minutes for every meeting shall be approved by the General Membership at the next Membership Meeting.

7.7. Quorum. A quorum at a General Membership Meeting shall consist of no less than 75% (3/4) of all Resident Members plus no less than 50% (1/2) of all Associate Members.

7.7.1 Any General Member who shall not be present at a particular Membership Meeting may submit written notice to the Board of Directors that they choose to recognize and honor any and all decisions made by Members present at such Membership Meeting. This written notice shall count as one Member in the determination of the Quorum at that Meeting. Such notice must be delivered to a Director of the Trust prior to the start of the Meeting in question.

7.8. Decision-Making. With the exception of electing Directors (the process of which is described below in Article III, Section 4) decisions shall be made at Membership Meetings by the consensus of the General Members present, a quorum being assembled. This consensus decision-making process will be carried out according to a process adopted by the Board of Directors and recorded as part of Trust policy. In the event that unanimity in the consensus process is not attained, a decision shall be made by a 4/5 (80%) super-majority vote of the General Members present and voting, a quorum being assembled, except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws. Before a vote is held on any motion, the exact language of the motion shall be recorded by the Secretary and read to the Membership, and all Members present shall have a reasonable opportunity to express their opinions on, and to propose modifications and amendments to, the proposition.

8. Removal of Members.

8.1. Removal of General Members. A General Member may be removed for good cause by the General Members of the Trust when such Member is judged to have acted in a manner seriously detrimental to the Trust. However, before such removal can occur, the following procedure must be followed.

8.1.1 Written charges specifying the conduct considered to be detrimental must be signed by at least three General Members of the Trust and submitted to the Convener (or, if the Convener is the Director charged, to the Vice Convener). Any General Members of the Trust may submit such charges.

8.1.2. The Convener (or Vice Convener) shall deliver or mail a copy of the charges to the Member charged.

8.1.3. A Special Committee consisting of three General Members of the Trust shall be created to consider the charges. One member of the Committee shall be selected by the Board of Directors within ten days following the delivery or mailing of the charges to the Member charged. In making its selection, the Board shall endeavor to select a person who will consider the charges without bias. No later than ten days following the Board's selection of the first member of the Committee, a second member may be selected by the Member charged. In the event that the Member charged fails to select a second member of the Committee within ten days, the Board may select a second member who, in the judgment of the Board, will consider the charges without bias. Within ten days following the selection of the second member of the Committee, the first and second members shall select a third member of the Committee. If the first and second members cannot agree upon a third member within this ten-day period, the Board shall select a third member.

8.1.4. The Special Committee shall hold a hearing, at which both the Member charged and the Members who have filed charges may present evidence in the presence of the other. Following the hearing, the Committee shall prepare a written report of its findings and its recommendation for or against removal. The report shall contain a statement of how each member of the Committee has voted. The report shall be completed and submitted to the Convener of the Trust no later than one month following the selection of the third member of the Committee. The process for determining this recommendation shall be based on the decision-making process of the Board of Directors as described in Section 5.4 of Article III.

8.1.5. If the Committee recommends removal of the Member, the recommendation shall be presented to the General Membership, which shall then have sole authority to decide the question of removal. A Membership meeting for this purpose shall be called by the Convener for a time no later than one month following the Convener’s receipt of the Committee's recommendation for removal. Notice of this meeting shall include a complete copy of the Committee's report.

8.1.6. The removal of a Resident Member from the General Membership of the Trust shall constitute a removal of that person from participation and decision making in the Trust and shall not result in automatic removal of that person from residency on land owned or leased by the Trust. Lessees shall decide independently about, and shall have the right to develop policies pertaining to, matters of residency and the removal of residents from Leased properties.

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